Monitoring Ilopango Caldera Fumaroles in El Salvador

Latest update August 3, 2019 Started on June 1, 2017
land

One of the few places in the world where you can "dive a freshwater active volcanic crater" is in El Salvador; Ilopango Caldera 13.674195, -89.049251 located in the Ring of Fire or the Circum-Pacific Belt needs to be explored!

June 1, 2017
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In The Field

Open_Explorer


ScienceExplorationEducation

National_Geographic

Sofar

David_Lang

SubAqua

Ilopango_Divers

Tour503

Padi_Pro’s

El_Salvador

Ilopango_Caldera

Logbook: Date: August 3, 2019 Report: It took a while but I have the info finally. This are the results of water samples I took on june 2017. Really interesting data!

Bitácora: Fecha: 3 agosto, 2019 Reporte: Tomó un poco de tiempo pero finalmente tengo la información. Estos son los resultados de las muestras de agua que tomé en junio de 2017. ¡Datos realmente interesantes!

Diario di bordo: Data: 3 agosto, 2019 Report: Ci è voluto un po 'ma finalmente ho le informazioni. Questi sono i risultati dei campioni d'acqua che ho preso a giugno 2017. Dati davvero interessanti!

Registre: Date: 3 août, 2019 Rapport: Cela a pris du temps mais j'ai enfin l'info. Voici les résultats des échantillons d'eau que j'ai prélevés en juin 2017. Des données vraiment intéressantes!

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Open_Explorer


ScienceExplorationEducation

National_Geographic

Sofar

David_Lang

SubAqua

Ilopango_Divers

Tour503

Padi_Pro’s

El_Salvador

Ilopango_Caldera

Logbook: Date: July 29, 2019 Report: We did our first test run of the TRIDENT™ ROV and we had a great time! We need to practice and practice to master the behaviour of the uw-drone.

We will keep you posted in all our adventures.

Bitácora: Fecha: 29 de julio de 2019 Reporte: ¡Hicimos nuestra primera prueba de funcionamiento del TRIDENT ™ ROV y lo pasamos muy bien! Necesitamos practicar y practicar para dominar el comportamiento del uw-drone.

Los mantendremos informados en todas nuestras aventuras.

Diario di bordo: Data: 29 luglio 2019 Report: Abbiamo fatto il nostro primo giro di prova del TRIDENT™ ROV e ci siamo trovati benissimo! Dobbiamo esercitarci e esercitarci per padroneggiare il comportamento del uw drone.

Vi terremo aggiornati in tutte le nostre avventure.

Registre: Date: 29 juillet 2019 Rapport: Nous avons fait notre premier essai du TRIDENT™ ROV et nous nous sommes bien amusés! Nous devons pratiquer et pratiquer pour maîtriser le comportement du uw drone.

Nous vous tiendrons au courant dans toutes nos aventures.

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Preparation

Logbook:
Date: July 26, 2019 Report: The waiting has ended!!! Today we picked up the TRIDENT™ ROV underwater drone :) The job done by Open Explorer, Science Exploration Education, National geographic, David Lang and all the staff involved in this kind of aids is a major contributor for investigation around the world; it’s Ilopango’s Caldera turn this time and we will be excited to share all our work with the world and the Open Explorer community!

Again many thanks to David Lang for all his support.

We will keep you posted in all our adventures.

Bitácora: Fecha: 26 de julio de 2019 Reporte: La espera ha terminado!!! Hoy recogimos el drone submarino TRIDENT™ ROV :) El trabajo realizado por Open Explorer, Science Exploration Education, National Geographic, David Lang y todo el personal involucrado en este tipo de ayudas es un importante contribuyente para la investigación en todo el mundo. ¡Esta vez será el turno de la Caldera de Ilopango y estaremos encantados de compartir todo nuestro trabajo con el mundo y la comunidad Open Explorer!

Nuevamente muchas gracias a David Lang por todo su apoyo.

Los mantendremos informados en todos nuestras aventuras.

Diario di bordo: Data: 26 luglio 2019 Report: L'attesa è finita!!! Oggi abbiamo raccolto il drone sottomarino TRIDENT™ ROV :) Il lavoro svolto da Open Explorer, Science Exploration Education, National geographic, David Lang e tutto lo staff coinvolto in questo tipo di aiuti è un importante contributo per le indagini in tutto il mondo; è la volta della Caldera di Ilopango e saremo entusiasti di condividere tutto il nostro lavoro con il mondo e la comunità di Open Explorer!

Ancora molte grazie a David Lang per tutto il suo supporto.

Vi terremo aggiornati in tutti i nostri locali.

Registre: Date: 26 juillet 2019 Rapport: L'attente est terminée!!! Aujourd'hui, nous avons acheté le drone sous-marin TRIDENT™ ROV :) Le travail réalisé par Open Explorer, Explorateur scientifique, National Geographic, Open Explorer, et tout le personnel impliqué dans ce type d'aides est un contributeur majeur aux enquêtes dans le monde entier; C’est le tour de Caldera d’Ilopango et nous serons ravis de partager tout notre travail avec le monde et la communauté Open Explorer!

Encore merci à David Lang pour tout son soutien.

Nous vous tiendrons au courant dans tous nos sites.

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In The Field

Logbook:
Date: July 19, 2019 Report: We toured the caldera showing important points where we found the presence of the Tioerra Blanca JOven (TBJ) on the banks of La Guitarra. We witness a "degassing" event like never before seen in La Caldera del Diablo or Las Fumarolas (bubbles emerging from the bottom with a size of up to $ 0.25 cent coin).

The obligatory visit to Los Cerros Quemados could not miss, (this is the youngest piece of land in El Salvador) given its eruption in February 1880!

Most importantly, the commitment to study for the first time on behalf of the local academy Caldera de Ilopango was acquired; international support will be vital in terms of the equipment of electronic devices (example: hydrophones, GPS, multimeters, etc)

A multiethnic team was formed to investigate everything that happens in the Caldera, it was formed as follows: Carmen Lopez, Benancio Henriquez, Guayo Gutièrrez, Ivan Sunye Puchol, Mincho Hernandez, Alex Molina and Jose Baires

The efforts to be made by Open Explorer, National Geographic, Ministry of Environment and Natural Resources and IGN Spain are decisive. The support of David Lang has been incredible. We already have submarine drone (it is currently in customs) to explore even more !!!

The planets have lined up for Ilopango :), finally !!!

We will give you the place it deserves worldwide!

Bitacora: Julio 19, 2019 Reporte: Recorrimos la caldera mostrando puntos importantes donde constató la presencia de la Tierra Blanca Joven (TBJ) en las riveras de la zona de La Guitarra. Presenciamos un evento de "desgasificación" como jamás se había visto en La Caldera del Diablo o Las Fumarolas (burbujas emergiendo del fondo con un tamaño de hasta una moneda de $0.25 centavos).

La visita obligada a Los Cerros Quemados no podía faltar, (esta es la porción de tierra más joven de El Salvador) dada su erupción en febrero de 1880!

Lo más importante, se adquirió el compromiso de estudiar por primera vez de parte de la academia local la Caldera de Ilopango; el apoyo internacional será vital en cuanto al equipamiento de aparatos electrónicos (ejemplo: ecofonos, GPS, medidores multiparámetros, etc)

Se conformó un equipo multiétnico que investigará todo lo que sucede en la Caldera, quedó conformado así: Carmen Lopez, Benancio Henriquez​, Guayo Gutièrrez​, Ivan Sunye Puchol​, Mincho Hernández​, Alex Molina​ y Jose Baires

Los esfuerzos a realizar por Open Explorer​, National Geographic​, Ministerio de Medio Ambiente y Recursos Naturales​ y el IGN España son decisivos. El apoyo de David Lang ha sido increíble. Ya tenemos drone submarino (está en la aduana actualmente) para explorar aún más!!!

Los planetas se han alineado para Ilopango :), finalmente!!!

Le daremos el lugar que se merece a nivel mundial!!!

Diario di Bordo. Data: 19 luglio, 2019. Relazione: Abbiamo visitato la caldera mostrando punti importanti dove ha trovato la presenza della Tierra Blanca Joven (TBJ) sulle rive della zona di La Guitarra. Assistiamo a un evento di "degassamento" come mai visto prima a La Caldera del Diablo o Las Fumarolas (bolle che emergono dal basso con dimensioni fino a $ 0,25 centesimi).

La visita obbligatoria a Los Cerros Quemados non poteva mancare, (questo è il pezzo di terra più giovane in El Salvador) data la sua eruzione nel febbraio 1880!

Soprattutto, è stato acquisito l'impegno a studiare per la prima volta per conto dell'accademia locale Caldera de Ilopango; il supporto internazionale sarà di vitale importanza in termini di equipaggiamento di dispositivi elettronici (esempio: ecofonos, GPS, misuratori multiparametro, ecc.)

Una squadra multietnica è stata costituita per indagare su tutto ciò che accade nella Caldera, si è formata come segue: Carmen Lopez, Benancio Henriquez, Guayo Gutièrrez, Ivan Sunye Puchol, Mincho Hernandez, Alex Molina e Jose Baires

Gli sforzi di Open Explorer, National Geographic, Ministero dell'Ambiente e delle Risorse Naturali e IGN Spagna sono decisivi. Il supporto di David Lang è stato incredibile. Abbiamo già un drone sottomarino (è attualmente in dogana) per esplorare ancora di più !!!

I pianeti si sono schierati per Ilopango :), finalmente !!!

Ti daremo il posto che merita in tutto il mondo!

Registre. Date: 19 juillet 2019 Rapport: Nous avons visité la caldera en montrant des points importants où il a trouvé la présence de la Terre blanche jeune (TBJ) sur les rives de la région de La Guitarra. Nous assistons à un événement de «dégazage» comme jamais auparavant dans La Caldera del Diablo ou Las Fumarolas (bulles émergeant du bas avec une taille pouvant atteindre 0,25 centimes de dollars).

La visite obligatoire à Los Cerros Quemados ne pouvait pas manquer (il s’agit de la plus jeune parcelle de terre du Salvador) étant donné son éruption en février 1880!

Plus important encore, l'engagement d'étudier pour la première fois au nom de l'académie locale Caldera de Ilopango a été acquis; le soutien international sera vital pour l'équipement des appareils électroniques (exemple: écofonos, GPS, compteurs multiparamètres, etc.)

Une équipe multiethnique a été formée pour enquêter sur tout ce qui se passe dans la Caldera. Elle a été formée comme suit: Carmen Lopez, Benancio Henriquez, Guayo Gutièrrez, Ivan Sunye Puchol, Mincho Hernandez, Alex Molina et Jose Baires.

Les efforts déployés par Open Explorer, National Geographic, le ministère de l’Environnement et des Ressources naturelles et IGN Espagne sont décisifs. Le soutien de David Lang a été incroyable. Nous avons déjà un drone sous-marin (il est actuellement en douane) pour explorer encore plus !!!

Les planètes se sont alignées sur Ilopango :), enfin !!!

Nous vous donnerons la place qu’il mérite dans le monde entier!

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Preparation

Logbook. Date: July 14, 2019 Report:
It’s official… I’m honored to announce that I have been awarded with the Trident OPEN ROV. Thanks to Science Exploration Education (S.E.E.) for trusting our expedition. The use of this underwater drone it’s going to help us in many ways, especially in scuba safety related issues, here in El Salvador we don't have a recompression facility. Now we are going to explore to greater depths with now risk, we’re going to increase our bottom time so much and this means more research!

Personally I want to thank David Lang for his support!!!

Can’t wait to unpack the OPEN ROV :)

Bitácora. Fecha: Julio 14, 2019 Reporte: Es oficial... Me siento honrado de anunciar que me han otorgado el Trident OPEN ROV. Gracias a Science Exploration Education (S.E.E.) por confiar en nuestra expedición. El uso de este drone submarino nos ayudará de muchas maneras, especialmente en temas relacionados con la seguridad del buceo, aquí en El Salvador no tenemos una cámara de recompresión. Ahora vamos a explorar a mayores profundidades sin el riesgo actual, ¡Vamos a aumentar mucho nuestro tiempo de fondo y esto significa más investigación!

Personalmente quiero agradecer a David Lang por su apoyo!!!

No puedo esperar a desempacar el OPEN ROV :)

Diario di Bordo. Data: 14 luglio, 2019. Relazione: È ufficiale... Sono onorato di annunciare che sono stato premiato con il Trident OPEN ROV. Grazie a Science Exploration Education (S.E.E.) per aver fiducia nella nostra spedizione. L'uso di questo drone sottomarino ci aiuterà in molti modi, specialmente nei problemi legati alla sicurezza delle immersioni, qui in El Salvador non abbiamo una struttura di ricompressione. Ora esploreremo a fondo senza il rischio attuale, aumenteremo così tanto il nostro tempo di fondo e questo significa più ricerca!

Personalmente voglio ringraziare David Lang per il suo supporto!!!

Non vedo l'ora di disfare il OPEN ROV :)

Registre. Date: 14 juillet 2019 Rapport: C’est officiel… J’ai l’honneur d’annoncer que j’ai reçu le trophée Trident OPEN ROV. Merci à Science Exploration Education (S.E.E.) d’avoir fait confiance à notre expédition. L’utilisation de ce drone sous-marin va nous aider de nombreuses manières, notamment dans les domaines liés à la sécurité des plongeurs. En El Salvador, nous n’avons pas d’installation de recompression. Nous allons maintenant explorer plus en profondeur avec le risque, nous allons tellement augmenter notre temps au fond et cela signifie plus de recherche!

Personnellement, je tiens à remercier David Lang pour son soutien!!!

J'ai hâte de déballer le OPEN ROV :)

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Manu thanks Romeo and we'll keep doing this job for a long long time!!!
In The Field

Logbook: Date: July 07, 2019 Report: today we continue with our investigation. As a coincidence, there was an earthquake 3.0 in the Richter scale in Ilopango, depth 3.57 km. We did two dives on different sites, 1° Piedra Suelta and 2° Atlantis 1.


Great and amazing news on Atlantis 1, for the first time in our recent history I found small thermal activity (fumarol) at 19.5m (64f) on one side of the mountain. This is a major discovery because is the second known underwater site where fumaroles are present here at Ilopango Caldera. The investigation must be expanded with this new data. Atlantis 1 is just 400m (1,312f) away from La Caldera del Diablo. Atlantis 1 has not been explored and very few people have been there.

To find the fumarole was really hard because it’s thermal activity is really low but now we have found one it gives us the opportunity to explore the area. The procedure was pure tactile sensitivity and once I found the crack with different temperature I did a quick research in the area. Future exclusive dives for this topic will be done in the upcoming future.

The picture where the computer is shown is courtesy of PhD Archeology Candidate Marlon Escamilla from Vanderbilt University, a famous Salvadorean underwater archaeologist. Video footage provided by PADI DM Javier Ariza.

Bitácora: Fecha: 07 de julio de 2019 Informe: hoy continuamos con nuestra investigación. Como coincidencia, hubo un terremoto 3.0 en la escala de Richter en Ilopango, profundidad 3.57 km. Hicimos dos inmersiones en diferentes sitios, 1 ° Piedra Suelta y 2 ° Atlantis 1.

Grandes y sorprendentes noticias sobre Atlantis 1, por primera vez en nuestra historia reciente, encontré una pequeña actividad térmica (fumarol) a 19.5 m (64 f) en una. lado de la montaña. Este es un descubrimiento importante porque es el segundo sitio submarino conocido donde las fumarolas están presentes aquí en Ilopango Caldera. La investigación debe ampliarse con estos nuevos datos. Atlantis 1 está a solo 400 m (1,312 f) de La Caldera del Diablo. Atlantis 1 no ha sido explorado y muy pocas personas han estado allí.

Encontrar la fumarola fue muy difícil porque la actividad térmica es muy baja, pero ahora hemos encontrado una que nos da la oportunidad de explorar el área. El procedimiento fue la sensibilidad táctil pura y una vez que encontré la grieta con una temperatura diferente, hice una investigación rápida en el área. Las futuras inmersiones exclusivas para este tema se realizarán en el futuro próximo.

La imagen donde se muestra la computadora es cortesía del Candidato a Doctor en Arqueología Marlon Escamilla de la Universidad de Vanderbilt, un famoso arqueólogo submarino salvadoreño. Video proporcionado por PADI DM Javier Ariza.

Giornale: Data: 07 luglio 2019 Rapporto: oggi continuiamo con le nostre indagini. Come coincidenza, c'è stato un terremoto 3.0 nella scala Richter a Ilopango, profondità 3,57 km. Abbiamo fatto due immersioni su diversi siti, 1 ° Piedra Suelta e 2 ° Atlantis 1.

Grandi e sorprendenti novità su Atlantis 1, per la prima volta nella nostra storia recente ho trovato una piccola attività termica (fumarola) 19,5m (64f) su uno lato della montagna. Questa è una scoperta importante perché è il secondo sito sottomarino conosciuto in cui fumarole sono presenti qui a Ilopango Caldera. L'indagine deve essere ampliata con questi nuovi dati. L'Atlantis 1 dista solo 400 metri (1.312 metri) da La Caldera del Diablo. Atlantis 1 non è stato esplorato e pochissime persone ci sono state.

Trovare la fumarola è stato davvero difficile perché l'attività termica è veramente bassa ma ora ne abbiamo trovata una che ci offre l'opportunità di esplorare l'area. La procedura era pura sensibilità tattile e una volta trovata la fessura con temperatura diversa ho fatto una rapida ricerca nell'area. Le future immersioni esclusive per questo argomento saranno fatte nel prossimo futuro.

L'immagine in cui viene mostrato il computer è per gentile concessione del PhD Archeology Candidate Marlon Escamilla della Vanderbilt University, un famoso archeologo subacqueo salvadoregno. Materiale video fornito da PADI DM Javier Ariza.

Journal: Date: 07 juillet 2019 Rapport: Aujourd'hui, nous poursuivons notre enquête. Par coïncidence, il y a eu un tremblement de terre de type 3.0 sur l'échelle de Richter à Ilopango, à une profondeur de 3,57 km. Nous avons fait deux plongées sur différents sites, 1 ° Piedra Suelta et 2 ° Atlantis 1.

Excellentes nouvelles d’Atlantis 1, pour la première fois de notre histoire récente, j’ai trouvé une petite activité thermique (fumarola) 19,5 m sur un côté de la montagne. C’est une découverte majeure car c’est le deuxième site sous-marin connu où des fumerolles sont présentes ici à Ilopango Caldera. L'enquête doit être élargie avec ces nouvelles données. Atlantis 1 se trouve à seulement 400 mètres de La Caldera del Diablo. Atlantis 1 n'a pas été exploré et très peu de gens y sont allés.

Trouver le fumerolle était très difficile car son activité thermique est très faible, mais nous en avons trouvé un qui nous donne l’occasion d’explorer la région. La procédure était pure sensibilité tactile et une fois que j'ai trouvé la fissure à différentes températures, j'ai fait une recherche rapide dans la région. Les futures plongées exclusives pour ce sujet seront effectuées dans le futur.

La photo où l'ordinateur est montré est une gracieuseté de Marlon Escamilla, candidat au doctorat en archéologie de l'Université Vanderbilt, célèbre archéologue sous-marin salvadorien. Séquence vidéo fournie par PADI DM Javier Ariza.

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Exciting news! I'm certain a Trident would be a great help in your research.
Wow!!!! David, that kind of comment just gives me lots lots of hope. You have no idea how happy I am!!!!
Preparation

Logbook:
Date: June 26, 2018 Report: This is a device we installed one year ago, we putted a lot of effort and resources (even underwater drilling was involved), we called it UWCMD1 (Under Water Crack Measuring Device 1). The device was going to keep track of the mountain displacement, either expanding or contracting. All the ones involved in the task, Jose Baires, Mincho Hernandez, Mauricio Velasquez, Chambita Giron and David Alfaro (video) where really disappointed when some mindless divers, on purpose disassembled the device weeks later after installing it.

I'm back in the floor plan and preparing a new device to be installed, this time it will be on a secret location to avoid any damage.

I made a public clame on social media to respect what we are investigating; all the data collected will be available to local and international scientific community. Remember, all this is possible by our own effort, we have NO funding so far. We hope to get collaboration from Open ROV, with such a device we can make magic on behalf of the interesting Ilopango Caldera Fumaroles. We thank David Lang for keeping and eye on our development!

So fellow divers, wait for the new UWCMD2 in a near future!!!

Keep you posted.

JB

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Logbook:
Date: June 27, 2019 Report: Community, we’re really glad to tell you that I have applied to the S.E.E. Initiative. They are helping investigation projects with an excellent tool, an UNDERWATER ROV!!! This device would allow me to explore La Caldera del Diablo to a new level. Until now, exploration has been done up to 42m (140f) and time is limited at that depth. Safety is our main priority on all our dives, not having a decompression facility in El Salvador makes attempting dives beyond that mark more risky, hence exploration has been almost nonexistent. Regular survey trips will be made all year long (minimum 1 per month). Ilopango it has been my lifetime project, so this is just a start on underwater ROV investigation. Who knows, we might discover new stuff down there that will give us clues. After all, a 1.3 million year old Caldera makes it interesting to explore!

The importance of understanding and exploring La Caldera del Diablo gives the opportunity to study more Ilopango’s Caldera behavior. Increasing dive time with the Trident ROV and up to 70m (230f) will open a new “UNEXPLORED” scenario on the history of our dive industry. The sooner we get this device the more investigation we can perform.

NatGeo and OpenExplorer are pioneers on world class investigation and we are proud to be part of this achievement.

The collaboration of Mincho Hernandez, Alex Molina, Guayo Gutierrez and Ivan Sunye is vital to accomplish this investigation. To the rest of local divers community I have no words to thank you for all your help!

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In The Field

Logbook:
Date: June 23, 2019 Report: Continuing my expedition on monitoring the Ilopango Caldera Fumaroles we proceed to make an inspection this date with support of Mincho Hernandez another PADI Instructor. Starting dive on North-East side of La Caldera del Diablo we dove to 40m (130') and found several fumaroles on what I call a early stage, the cracks are barely on the surface but the increase in temperature can be felt on your skin. Later on, at a depth of 17m (55') we found unusual activity on gas liberation from the fumaroles in that area, bubbles have increased (in size and occurrence). We must take samples to compare data on last readings on H²S, SO² and CO² that were made on May 6, 2019 on the surface by Guayo Gutierrez one of the few local vulcanologist .

I'll keep updating!

JB

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Expedition Background

La Caldera del Diablo is a sunken hill product of one of the 13 eruptions Ilopango Caldera has had. It the only place (at the moment) where you can find fumalores, they range from 12m(40f) down to 42m(140f) the ones that have been discovered so far. I started a monitoring program (on independent basis) back in 2006 and started taking thermometer readings on specific fumaroles, the highest temperature recorded was 58°C (146.4°F), the project was put on hold because I moved away from El Salvador. I returned on 2014 and on June 2017 I started back on the investigation with own funding, this time making ocasional temperature readings and taking samples of water for a university lab. On June 26, 2018 I installed a device to measure the distance on one of the biggest cracks found at La Caldera del Diablo at 24m (78f). On May 30, 2019 we had a 6,6 Richter scale earthquake, I made a dive on may 31, 2019 to see changes on the dive site and it has changed a lot, fumaroles have gone and new ones have emerged. I will continue exploring and investigating this site. Depth is challenge. It's a lifetime project!

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Excited to be following along!
Thanks for following David Lang; I'm really excited to be able to show the world the hidden part of Ilopango Caldera, the Fumaroles are amazing! Keep You posted.

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